Indonesia celebrated its 72th Independence Day on August 17 and proud moments were seen throughout the country, including one happening during the flag-raising ceremony in one field in North Sulawesi.
A series of photo retrieved from Aish Lawani Facebook account on Thursday, showed the solemnity of Paskibra (flag-hoisting team) of Taluditi, Gorontalo, carrying and raising the red-and-white flag despite the heavily muddy ground.
By Wensislaus Noval Rumangun
On July 30, a heroic occurrence happened in one of Indonesian airlines.
Facebook account Yulianus Ladung shared a video of a passenger who was about to fly from Balikpapan to Jakarta collapsed after falling on his way to the plane’s toilet.
Cabin crew directly called for any passenger who works as doctor or nurse to go to the back of the cabin.
Fortunately, there were not only one but five passengers who were doctors, and they came immediately for a help.
“This is the first time for me to witness with my own eyes an emergency when I was traveling with a plane,” said Yulianus Ladung, the Facebook owner.
Yulianus explained that the incident occurred 35 minutes before the plane landed at Soekarno Hatta Airport.
“Respect for the doctors (passengers) as well as Garuda Indonesia cabin crew with flight number GA 567 (from Balikpapan to Jakarta) who helped a passenger who suddenly fell on his way to the toilet,” Yulianus continued.
It took less than five minutes for the five doctors in which one of them is called as Doctor Pardede to successfully save the passenger.
“Thank God the sick passenger could be saved and all passengers could arrive safely at Jakarta,” Yulianus added.
The cause of the passenger’s collapse is still unknown but in the video shared, the passenger looked unconscious and was given oxygen.
The post has been liked for more than 9,000 times and shared for more than 3,000 times with positive responses from netizens.
“Good cooperation. It’s so Indonesian! Respect," said Hudo Marsanto.
“Alhamdulilah.. I hope for passengers, wherever they are, will be protected by Allah SWT... Amin,” Said U Ernita.
While serving in prison, inmates are given classes to optimize their skills and to prevent them from going back to doing negative things after they are released.
And sometimes, the works they created are awesome and can let them to make money.
What are the works produced by Indonesian prisoners? Check this out!
Illustration by Vladimir Nenezic via Shutterstock
Prisoners at Surabaya Prison are fostered to produce furniture including chairs, tables and cupboards. Around 150 prisoners do it in turn with 25 professional instructors guiding them.
Their products have been exported to other countries including Japan, Korea, England and the Netherlands.
Other prisons produce rattan chairs including Narcotics Prison in Cirebon, Majalengka Prison in Subang, and Bandung Prison.
2. Electric poles
Illustration by kevin brine via Shutterstock
Prisoners in Padang Prison produce electric poles. As cited from Merdeka’s report written in December 2013, one power pole might reach premium price.
3. Soccer balls
Illustration by pixfly via Shutterstock
Director of Prisoners and Prisoners’ Services Tuti Nurhayati in 2013 claimed the balls produced by Indonesian prisoners were used during World Cup 2014 in Brazil.
Before that, the balls they produced have been exported to Europe and the number of balls exported increased every year.
Prisons in Cirebon and Majalengka are the ones producing the balls since 1990.
4. Baseball gloves
Illustration by David Lee via Shutterstock
Ambarawa Prison produces baseball gloves for export and the gloves are also marketed in Europe.
5. Football pants
Illustration by matimix via Shutterstock
Cipinang Prison produces football pants that has attracted people abroad, including in Nigeria.
This product export reportedly was initiated by a Nigerian imprisoned in Cipinang Prison.
Illustration by bouybin via Shutterstock
Cipinang Prison also produces fans and they work together with a prison in Bali to do that.
Illustration by Hary Budiarjo via Shutterstock
During Exhibition of Prisoners’ Featured Products in 2016, artworks created by Yogyakarta prisoners were displayed. According to Yogyakarta Prison spokesperson Yudo Dwiwarso, the most expensive price of the batik reached Rp 500,000.
The miniature of yacht made by the prisoners. Image via merdeka.com
During the same exhibition, a miniature yacht made of Formica, scrap iron and remaining galvalume made by Yogyakarta prisoners were also displayed.
Besides the miniature, there were also other accessories displayed including bracelets, key chains and others. The price starts from Rp 3,000 to Rp 500,000.
With over 700 ethnic groups live throughout the archipelago for centuries, Indonesia boasts diversity of ethnicities and cultures, one of which is reflected in its traditional dances. Each ethnic group has their own traditional dances — making more than 3,000 Indonesian original dances in total.
Traditional dances in Indonesia are usually classified into two genres, folk dance and court dance —those performed only in the palace in front of kings and royals. However, as the time flies by, court dances started to be performed in public stages.
Here are some popular Indonesian traditional dances we can still see today.
Cakalele (North and Central Maluku)
This war dance is performed by men wearing traditional war costumes: two of them play captains or leaders while the rest are the supporting warriors. The dance involves spears (sanokat) and long knife (lopu) as properties, with dancers performing movements that represent war and duels.
Merak (West Java)
Merak (means peacock) is a new creation from the land of Pasundan (West Java), created by artist Raden Tjetjep Soemantri in 1950s and remade by Irawati Durban in 1965. This dance is usually performed as part of a guest-welcoming ceremony or in a traditional Sundanese wedding ceremony. Dancers wear mostly green and blue peacock costumes. Irawati Durban also recreated the dance and came with White Merak Dance (Tari Merak Bodas) in which dancers are wearing white peacock costumes.
Sanghyang Dedari (Bali)
Sanghyang Dedari is a sacred dance performed in Bona Village, Gianyar, Bali. The dance was thought to be extinct until a research team found that the dance was still performed in the village of Geriana Kauh, North Duda, Karangasem, Bali — the only place that still preserves Sanghyang Dedari on stage.
The dance used to be performed before the rice turn yellow (around April), involving young girls who haven’t yet entered their menstrual phase, in a state of trance, as a tribute to Dewi Sri — the goddess of crops and fertility.
Sendratari Ramayana (Yogyakarta and Bali)
This dance is a show that combines dance and drama without dialogue that tells the legend of Ramayana. Sendratari Ramayana — or Ramayana Ballet — tells the story of Prince Rama's attempt to save his wife Sinta, who was kidnapped by evil giant Ravana. The dance is regularly staged in Prambanan temple compound, Yogyakarta, as well as various Balinese temples in Bali Island. The dance is originated from the Hindu-Buddhist era, adopting scenes in Ramayana or Mahabharata Hindu epic.
Bedhaya (Solo and Yogyakarta)
It’s a Javanese sacred ritual dance of the royal court, only to be staged in the royal palaces of Yogyakarta and Surakarta. There are two kinds of Bedhaya, Bedhaya Ketawang in Solo, Bedhaya Semang in Yogyakarta — which is no longer performed. The Solo version is still performed once a year, on the second day of the Ruwah month in Javanese calendar (during May in Gregorian calendar).
The dance involves nine females, all of them are royal family members, in front of a private audience. Being invited to see the performance with the inner circle of the court is considered an honor. The dance is usually performed in a pendhapa —audience hall with pillars and peaked roof.
Originated in the 18th century as royal entertainment, Legong is characterized by elaborate finger and foot movements, as well as sharp face expression.
According to Babad Dalem Sukawati, Legong dance was created based on the dream of Sukawati King I Dewa Agung Made Karna. He dreamed of seeing angels dancing in Heaven. They danced in beautiful clothes and wore golden headdresses, and thus he created the Legong dance. It’s originated from the Hindu-Buddhist era.
Gending Sriwijaya (Palembang)
Originating in Palembang, South Sumatera, Gending Sriwijaya represents the splendor of the glorious Sriwijayan empire, which once ruled the western part of the Indonesian archipelago, as well as parts of modern-day Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Brunei.
The dance involves nine female dancers, wearing Palembang traditional gilded costume called Aesan Gede, which is also worn as a wedding costume. Among the dancers, there’s one prime lady who wears the most elaborate costume and jewelry and acts as a leader. Gending Sriwijaya was once considered a court dance with hints of Hindu-Buddhist elements although the costume is more covering.
Jaipongan (West Java)
Jaipongan is a Sundanese signature folk dance created by artist Gugum Gumbira in 1974 based on traditional Sundanese Ketuk Tilu music and Pencak Silat (traditional martial art) movements. The dance belongs to the neo-traditional genre, which was born after President Soekarno prohibited rock and roll and other western genres of entertainments in 1961. There are various kinds of Jaipongan, including Jaipongan Langit Biru and Jaipongan Bunga Tanjung.
Kuda Lumping (Java)
Kuda Lumping dance depicts Javanese troops riding horses made of bamboos and decorated with paints and ornaments. Sometimes, the dancers perform in a state of trance and display some extreme abilities such as eating pieces of broken glass or walking through burning charcoals. It’s originated from the prehistoric-tribal era.
Also known as the Ramayana Monkey Chant, kecak is usually performed by 150 men wearing poleng — Balinese sacred checked cloth — around their waists. They sit in a circle, chanting “cak... cak... cak...” percussively with their hands up in the air. The dance portrays some scenes in Ramayana epic.
Barong Dance (Bali)
The dance depicts an eternal battle between Barong —a lion-like creature represents the good— against Rangda —a demon queen and mother of all evil creatures in Balinese mythology. In general, Barong dance represents the battle between good and evil.
Saman is a popular dance originated from Gayo ethnic group from Gayo Lues, Aceh, Sumatera. It’s performed by dancers sitting in line, and characterized by harmonious, speedy movements of arms, head, and upper body shown by dancers. Saman is a heritage of the Islamic era.
Most traditional costumes of Indonesian ethnic groups are equipped with a headdress that add a majestic look to the intricately designed outfits. From Aceh to Papua, brides are seen with crowns, paes (Javanese head ornaments), gold jasmine flowers, and other over the top head accessories.
Here are some of them.
Jamang or sometimes called Siger is the head jewelry worn on the forehead. It is worn encircling the head resembling a headband, usually adorning the forehead, starting from the top of the forehead to the temple.
Jamang is a complement to various Indonesian traditional costumes, especially in Java, Sunda, Bali, Lampung, Palembang and West Sumatra as it is usually worn to match a wedding dress or traditional dancer’s clothing.
Today, it’s made of brass and adorned with man-made gemstones. But in the past, as worn by royals, jamang was made of gold or silver and adorned with real diamonds and other precious stones.
Gelungan Agung is a crown and head ornaments used by Balinese royals in the past and is now adopted to a Balinese traditional wedding costume, Payas Agung. For the bride, the Gelungan Agung is formed with the arrangement of golden sandat flowers, ornamented with golden crown and srinata (gold symmetrical curvature on the forehead). For the groom, it’s formed with sandat flowers in smaller quantities and equipped with a crown known as gelung garuda mungkur.
Suntiang is a highly-intricate traditional headdress in Minangkabau, West Sumatra. As any other traditional headdress in Indonesia, suntiang also adopted to Minangkabau’s wedding outfits. There are various kinds of suntiang in Minang culture, such as Pisang Saparak (originated from Solok Salayo), Suntiang Pinang Bararak (from Koto Nan Godang Payakumbuh), Suntiang Mangkuto (from Sungayang), Suntiang Kipeh (from Kurai Limo Jorong), Suntiang Sariantan (from Padang Panjang), Suntiang Matua Palambaian and several more. Each and every suntiang has its own uniqueness and cultural values.
Some suntiang consists of 11 layers of ornaments and the installation process is quite complicated. As seen, suntiang is quite heavy. Brides have to bear a five-to-six kilograms suntiang perched on their heads for hours.
Tengkuluk Tanduak, also known as Tikuluak Tanduak, is a typical women’s headdress made of balapak cloth, mainly seen in Lintau Buo region of Minangkabau, West Sumatra. The headdress is shaped like a double-pointed horn, decorated with gold ornaments. The symbolic meaning of this fixture is the possession of rumah gadang, Minang traditional house. That is, the person wearing it is a bundo kanduang, the owner of a rumah gadang.
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Siger is a crown by Sundanese queens and princesses in the past and has been adopted as a part of today’ Sundanese bridal and dance costume. The headdress represents wisdom and honor as prominent qualities within oneself to be upheld. The crown is often accompanied by kembang goyang, seven flower-shaped ornaments —five front-facing and two rear-facing— symbolizing inner and outer beauty.
Palembang siger is a complement for Aesan Gede, Palembang traditional outfit worn by royals during the Great Kingdom of Sriwijaya era. The outfit — now adopted as Palembang wedding costume — symbolizes the wealth of Sriwijaya, with red songket cloth and golden embroidery all over it.
Sigokh or Lampung Siger is an icon which represent Lampung in general. In the past, siger used to be a headdress for queens, but today it has been adopted as a complement for Lampung’s traditional wedding outfit. There are three variants of siger, according to their origins. Siger Saibatin that comes from coastal regions in Lampung province, which mainly inhabited by Saibatin ethnic group; Siger Pepadun that comes from the mountainous regions in the province, where Pepadun ethnic group lives; and the last one, Siger Tuha, an ancient crown originated from Hindu-Buddhist era in Lampung.
Bandung Plaza City Hall on Tuesday morning was crowded by students from dozens of elementary schools in Bandung.
A total of 2,110 students performed "Halo-halo Bandung, "Pergi Belajar", and "Hymne Guru" with piano and keyboard accompaniment. The performance was part of a series of National Education Day (Hardiknas) celebration and was also recorded by Original Records Indonesia (ORI) as a music performance using pianicas and keyboards with the most participants in Indonesia.
Bandung Mayor Ridwan Kamil acted as the inspector of ceremony and delivered a speech on Ki Hajar Dewantara — a figure of education, whose birthday is taken as the National Education Day — and how his values are still relevant to today's society.
"Ki Hajar said that education is conducted at school, at home and in the society. So, do not rely only on school's education. That's why an educational program like 'maghrib mengaji' and the others are also part of education in the society," said Ridwan Kamil.
Here are some moments captured during the students' performance in celebrating Hardiknas.
1. "Every place is a school and every person is a teacher," said Ridwan Kamil.
2. Look at this cute orchestra!
3. The student played national songs with their colorful pianicas.
4. An ambulance was on standby during the ceremony.
5. So were the health officers.
What do you think about the possibility of meeting a giant in the forest? No, it’s not a Lord of The Rings thing. A Danish artist has made it real, as he created 25 big sculptures using recycled materials and placed them all around the world, with 6 of them hidden in the forests of his hometown in Copenhagen.
Thomas Dambo spent his last three years collecting 600 old pallets, tearing down old wooden shed, shabby fences and other materials he could scavenge to build giant structures depicting various characters of human-like giants. He had some help from local volunteers to build the sculptures and he named each sculpture after one volunteer.
He also created a treasure hunt game for those who want to see his artworks in Copenhagen. Each giant was placed in different parts of the city, in off the beaten tracks. They can only be found by tracking down the path with a help of a treasure map, or a poem engraved into a stone near each giant. The poems contain hints to find the next giant.
“I hope my art will inspire people to see the big potential in recycling and taking better care of our planet,” he said.
Meet Little Tilde in the forest.
This one is Thomas who is relaxing on the mountain.
Here’s Oscar, hiding under a bridge.
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The beautiful Trine, looking at the horizon from the top of a hill.
This one is called Louis, a giant who likes to sleep under the shady roof of foliage.
And this is the Friendly Teddy who tends the riverbank.
You can find them with the hints in each poem.
Or by tracking down the path in this treasure map.