We've heard a lot of horror stories told by hikers that they experienced during their mountain hikes.
But how if we tell you, someone recorded a kuntilanak along with her legendary crying noise?
A video from some Malaysian hikers went viral recently. When they were hiking at nighttime, one of the cameras they brought recorded an appearance of a ghost which looks like kuntilanak in white dress and long hair, complete with her crying noise.
Here is the video as shared by Pencari Entiti:
Good luck sleeping tonight.
Lebaran Betawi is an annual event for Jakartans to meet after Idul Fitri. The event has been conducted for years since 2008. During the celebration, five administrative regions of Jakarta showcase their subdistricts' specialties, from food to home industries.
This year's Lebaran Betawi will be held on July 21 to 23 in the area of Betawi Cultural Site Setu Babakan, Jagakarsa, South Jakarta.
To prepare for this year's event, the government is fixing some facilities in Setu Babakan.
“A lot of infrastructure need to be fixed. There are some loose roofs, poles that need to be repainted,” said Jakarta Provincial Secretary Saefullah.
The head of Setu Babakan management unit Rofiqoh Mustafa admitted to have around Rp 300 million to fix the area.
“We have Rp 300 million of budget. Soon we will fix the damage. We also get some financial aid from Corporate Social Responsibility to paint the buildings,” he said.
Indonesia has a lot of traditional performing arts but now one by one they started to disappear as most people prefer to attend the modern ones.
Here are some shows that you might not have the chance to see anymore.
1. Tayub Show
Image: Sanapustaka Kraton Surakarta
In early 1900s, Tayub Show went around villages in Java.
They were a group of dancers accompanied by gamelan group. There were three dancers and four to five gamelan players in a group who traveled from one village to another.
Some also referred them as rombongan ledek (ledek group) because they did not go around every day but only at certain times based on Javanese calendar or when a village was harvesting.
The group played music and dance at the village's sacred place. Sometimes when they were dancing, mothers carrying their kids asked the group members to pray for their kids to prevent them from catastrophe.
2. Wayang Orang
Wayang Orang or also known as Wayang Wong is a wayang played by humans, instead of puppets, as the characters in the story.
It was created by Sultan Hamangkurat I in 1731. They used to go around villages and sometimes they were used for politics. Now, Wayang Orang is still performed in public, usually during traditional festivals.
3. Traveling dancers
During Dutch colonial period, a lot of performing arts were done around villages and one of which is penari keliling, or traveling dancers, where they moved from one village to another to dance and entertain locals.
4. Kuda Lumping
Kuda lumping or also known as jaran kepang or jathilan is a Javanese traditional dance of a group of soldiers riding a ‘horse’. The horse is made of bamboo or other material woven and cut into horse shape with fake hair made of plastic strap which is braided. The dance still exists, but it is rare and hard to find.
Kentrung is an original art performance from the north beach of Java. This art show can be found spread from Semarang, Pati, Jepara, Blora to Tuban — if you're lucky enough to catch one of the rare shows.
You might know angkringan, or maybe you’re a regular customer of one. In addition to its bargain price, the typical Javanese food stalls also offer favorite Javanese modest delicacies that keep you coming back for more. Be it rice and sambal, intestine satay, tempe bacem, fried chicken, quail egg satay, mendoan — it seems like we’ll never get enough of it.
While the dishes are good, the atmosphere and feeling of eating in angkringan are different to in regular restaurants. You won’t obtain the same ones while eating in cafes or plush restaurants.
But do you know that angkringan also have its own history? The word angkringan itself was derived from a Javanese word 'angkring', which means “to sit back”. So it figures why in every angkringan we often see tikar (woven mats) for customers to sit and enjoy their foods.
Angkringan represents Yogyakarta in a term of street food because the region is where the humble food peddling cart was born. In the 1950s, there was an old man, everyone knows him as Mbah Pairo. He came from Cawas, Klaten, Central Java, to Jogja due to the economic crash.
Mbah Pairo initially peddled homemade dishes on the north side of Tugu Station, in one corner. He used to scream “Hiiiikk ... iyeeek” while trying to attract people to his stall, and thus the name Ting Ting Hik (read: he'k). The name then gave birth to the term Hik—which then defined as a short form of hidangan istimewa kampung or "kampong’s special dishes". Angkringan is more popular as Hik in Solo.
Formerly, angkringan was just a spot where blue collars, bus drivers, delman coachmen and pedicab drivers chill and eat. But now, everyone —students, white collars, celebrities, and officials— is flocking around it without hesitation to enjoy the “commoner’s dishes”. It has become a place with a warm atmosphere and a good old day's simplicity not only can be found in Jogja but also in other cities, including Jakarta.
Angkringan food trays are usually covered with plastic to protect them from dirt, and they’re available from early evening until early morning. The menu is still around nasi kucing (a wrapped, very small portion of steamed rice; you’ll need at least to have two portions), intestine satay, fried chicken, quail egg satay, sambal and crackers. Drinks (they call it wedang) are simple: tea, orange juice, coffee, hot ginger drink or milk. Prices are very affordable, especially for students' pocket. No wonder if angkringan is popular among them.
Every single food in angkringan is cooked. You could either pick some of them and eat immediately, or have the food grilled. After all, the dishes will taste better after being grilled. According to regular customers of angkringan, some dishes that are better when grilled are tempe mendoan, tempe bacem, tahu susur, fried chicken head and jadah (sticky rice). Another angkringan’s signature is a cerek (water kettle) with unsweetened brewed tea.
One special thing about angkringan is that this place is a spot for a good discussion for the visitors. People are free to talk about everything here. There are no rules; everyday stories, complaints, good news, funny and dumb stories, curses, you name it. You don’t have to sit with certain behavior or to use etiquette. Just feel free to eat with one of your legs lifted, or stretched, it’s up to you.
Even though there’s no formality in angkringan, fellow visitors should respect each other. This is like an unwritten rule in angkringan. All visitors need to maintain the culture of angkringan, namely tepo sliro (tolerance), willingness to share and bisong rumongso (being polite to others). Just don’t bother other people sitting close to you.
Hospitality is what makes angkringan survive and more accepted in the communit, proven by the emergence of various "modern angkringan" in big cities. But hopefully, traditional angkringan will survive to be enjoyed by the next generations.
The names and figures like Dedi Mulyadi, Ridwan Kamil, Tri Rismaharini or Abdullah Azwar Anas are probably no stranger to you. Yes, they are some Indonesian mayors and regents who are trusted and given the mandate to lead their city towards prosperity.
Besides to perform their duty, people who serve as mayors and regents are also expected to understand their people's condition. The presence of these figures, however have existed since the colonial era.
Clad in their traditional attires, the figures like Multatuli and Adipati Djojoadiningrat led and ruled their people for years before putting themselves into history books. Retrieved from various sources, here are some of them:
Japan passed a law Friday that allows 83-year-old Emperor Akihito to step down, setting the stage for its first imperial abdication in more than two centuries.
Here are five things to know about Japan's royals:
1. Ancient history
The Japanese imperial family is believed to be the world's oldest, with a myth-filled history that dates back more than 2,600 years.
Akihito is the 125th emperor since Emperor Jimmu, said to be a descendant of the legendary sun goddess Amaterasu.
Emperors have played a crucial role in the country's native Shinto religion, conducting various annual rites and prayers for the prosperity of the nation.
2. Constitutional symbol
The greatest threat to the imperial family's long history came with Japan's defeat in World War II.
Some in the Allied camp wanted to end the monarchy in whose name Japanese armies marched through Asia-Pacific. But US General Douglas MacArthur, who led the post-war occupation, called for it to be retained, though its power was greatly curbed.
The current US-imposed constitution took away the emperor's semi-divine status and turned him into a national "symbol" as part of a radical democratization.
Unlike in some countries with royal families, there is no republican movement in Japan and the emperor and royal family have won the admiration of the vast majority of the country.
Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko journey to sites of natural disasters to console victims, most notably after the 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster.
Akihito — the son of wartime emperor Hirohito — has repeatedly warned that Japan must not downplay its 20th-century militarism and actions in World War II. His remarks have been seen as a rebuke to the nationalist stance of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and likeminded conservatives.
4. Gentlemen's club
The family operates under hereditary, male-only succession rules, although there have been eight empresses in past centuries.
Upon the abdication of Akihito, his oldest son Crown Prince Naruhito will assume the Chrysanthemum Throne.
Naruhito's younger brother, Prince Akishino, is next in line. The only other male heir, 10-year-old Prince Hisahito, Akishino's son, is third in line to the throne.
5. The future
If Hisahito only has daughters, the family is likely to face a succession crisis unless laws are changed.
The scarcity of young men in the family has prompted talk of alternatives, including letting women ascend the throne, though traditionalists abhor the idea.
Some have suggested that female members of the family who marry commoners should stop losing their royal status — as will happen to Akihito's granddaughter Princess Mako when she weds her college sweetheart.
Others advocate expanding the family to include distant relatives.
Parliament has called on the government to "consider" plans to allow female members to stay in the royal family even after their marriage with commoners.
With over 700 ethnic groups live throughout the archipelago for centuries, Indonesia boasts diversity of ethnicities and cultures, one of which is reflected in its traditional dances. Each ethnic group has their own traditional dances — making more than 3,000 Indonesian original dances in total.
Traditional dances in Indonesia are usually classified into two genres, folk dance and court dance —those performed only in the palace in front of kings and royals. However, as the time flies by, court dances started to be performed in public stages.
Here are some popular Indonesian traditional dances we can still see today.
Cakalele (North and Central Maluku)
This war dance is performed by men wearing traditional war costumes: two of them play captains or leaders while the rest are the supporting warriors. The dance involves spears (sanokat) and long knife (lopu) as properties, with dancers performing movements that represent war and duels.
Merak (West Java)
Merak (means peacock) is a new creation from the land of Pasundan (West Java), created by artist Raden Tjetjep Soemantri in 1950s and remade by Irawati Durban in 1965. This dance is usually performed as part of a guest-welcoming ceremony or in a traditional Sundanese wedding ceremony. Dancers wear mostly green and blue peacock costumes. Irawati Durban also recreated the dance and came with White Merak Dance (Tari Merak Bodas) in which dancers are wearing white peacock costumes.
Sanghyang Dedari (Bali)
Sanghyang Dedari is a sacred dance performed in Bona Village, Gianyar, Bali. The dance was thought to be extinct until a research team found that the dance was still performed in the village of Geriana Kauh, North Duda, Karangasem, Bali — the only place that still preserves Sanghyang Dedari on stage.
The dance used to be performed before the rice turn yellow (around April), involving young girls who haven’t yet entered their menstrual phase, in a state of trance, as a tribute to Dewi Sri — the goddess of crops and fertility.
Sendratari Ramayana (Yogyakarta and Bali)
This dance is a show that combines dance and drama without dialogue that tells the legend of Ramayana. Sendratari Ramayana — or Ramayana Ballet — tells the story of Prince Rama's attempt to save his wife Sinta, who was kidnapped by evil giant Ravana. The dance is regularly staged in Prambanan temple compound, Yogyakarta, as well as various Balinese temples in Bali Island. The dance is originated from the Hindu-Buddhist era, adopting scenes in Ramayana or Mahabharata Hindu epic.
Bedhaya (Solo and Yogyakarta)
It’s a Javanese sacred ritual dance of the royal court, only to be staged in the royal palaces of Yogyakarta and Surakarta. There are two kinds of Bedhaya, Bedhaya Ketawang in Solo, Bedhaya Semang in Yogyakarta — which is no longer performed. The Solo version is still performed once a year, on the second day of the Ruwah month in Javanese calendar (during May in Gregorian calendar).
The dance involves nine females, all of them are royal family members, in front of a private audience. Being invited to see the performance with the inner circle of the court is considered an honor. The dance is usually performed in a pendhapa —audience hall with pillars and peaked roof.
Originated in the 18th century as royal entertainment, Legong is characterized by elaborate finger and foot movements, as well as sharp face expression.
According to Babad Dalem Sukawati, Legong dance was created based on the dream of Sukawati King I Dewa Agung Made Karna. He dreamed of seeing angels dancing in Heaven. They danced in beautiful clothes and wore golden headdresses, and thus he created the Legong dance. It’s originated from the Hindu-Buddhist era.
Gending Sriwijaya (Palembang)
Originating in Palembang, South Sumatera, Gending Sriwijaya represents the splendor of the glorious Sriwijayan empire, which once ruled the western part of the Indonesian archipelago, as well as parts of modern-day Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Brunei.
The dance involves nine female dancers, wearing Palembang traditional gilded costume called Aesan Gede, which is also worn as a wedding costume. Among the dancers, there’s one prime lady who wears the most elaborate costume and jewelry and acts as a leader. Gending Sriwijaya was once considered a court dance with hints of Hindu-Buddhist elements although the costume is more covering.
Jaipongan (West Java)
Jaipongan is a Sundanese signature folk dance created by artist Gugum Gumbira in 1974 based on traditional Sundanese Ketuk Tilu music and Pencak Silat (traditional martial art) movements. The dance belongs to the neo-traditional genre, which was born after President Soekarno prohibited rock and roll and other western genres of entertainments in 1961. There are various kinds of Jaipongan, including Jaipongan Langit Biru and Jaipongan Bunga Tanjung.
Kuda Lumping (Java)
Kuda Lumping dance depicts Javanese troops riding horses made of bamboos and decorated with paints and ornaments. Sometimes, the dancers perform in a state of trance and display some extreme abilities such as eating pieces of broken glass or walking through burning charcoals. It’s originated from the prehistoric-tribal era.
Also known as the Ramayana Monkey Chant, kecak is usually performed by 150 men wearing poleng — Balinese sacred checked cloth — around their waists. They sit in a circle, chanting “cak... cak... cak...” percussively with their hands up in the air. The dance portrays some scenes in Ramayana epic.
Barong Dance (Bali)
The dance depicts an eternal battle between Barong —a lion-like creature represents the good— against Rangda —a demon queen and mother of all evil creatures in Balinese mythology. In general, Barong dance represents the battle between good and evil.
Saman is a popular dance originated from Gayo ethnic group from Gayo Lues, Aceh, Sumatera. It’s performed by dancers sitting in line, and characterized by harmonious, speedy movements of arms, head, and upper body shown by dancers. Saman is a heritage of the Islamic era.